The main types of hysterectomy include:
- Complete or total – this involves removal of the whole uterus as well as the cervix.
- Partial or subtotal – this involves removal of the body of the uterus but leaves the cervix in place.
- Radical – this involves removal of the uterus, the cervix, the upper part of the vagina, and the tissue surrounding the cervix. This is done for some gynaecological cancers.
Depending on the case, one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed at the time of hysterectomy.
After a hysterectomy, you will not have periods and you will not get pregnant. If both ovaries have been removed as well, you will become menopausal and you may start experiencing menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes if you were not already menopausal prior to the hysterectomy.